Pre operative care:
- Malnutrition screening and assessment
- Decreased fasting time to prevent catabolism (solids 6 hours and liquids 2 hours prior to surgery)- carbohydrate loading
Post operative care:
- Maintain glucose control and euglycemia
- Promote bowel motility, oral or enteral feeds as tolerated.
Nutrition plays a key role. The better the nutritional status before surgery, the better the body is able to heal after surgery, which means a shorter recovery time.
Why is preoperative diet important?
Preoperative nutrition is to increase the functional reserve preoperatively and subsequently to optimize recovery in the postoperative period.
It should include protein-rich foods with each meal. Some healthy choices are lean meat, fish, poultry, beans, eggs, cheese, nuts, tofu, milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, and protein drinks. Drink adequate fluids each day to stay well hydrated.
Why is nutrition important in surgical patients?
Patients with preoperative under nutrition have a significantly higher risk of postoperative complications. Poor nutritional status can compromise the function of many organ systems, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, and gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Why do you need protein before surgery?
Eat a high-protein, high-carbohydrate diet starting 2 to 4 weeks before your surgery. Protein is a nutrient needed for normal growth, wound healing and fighting infections. If you are not eating enough protein, it will be harder for your skin to heal.
What are the best foods to eat before having surgery?
You may eat light solid foods up to 6 hours before your scheduled arrival time. A light meal is: juice or coffee with milk or cream. Light porridges, egg whites etc are appreciated..
Nutrition after surgery
It is important to eat an adequate amount of protein after surgery as the body requires more protein for wound healing. Protein also helps to build up muscles and improve the immune system.
What foods to restrict after surgery?
Generally, avoid high-fat meats, eggs, dairy products, and sugary sweets. According to the National Institute of Aging (NIA), these foods are low in fiber and may lead to constipation.
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