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ANESTHESIA

Is it true that anaesthesia causes memory loss?
Anaesthesia is administered before surgery to ensure that the patient does not feel any pain throughout the procedure. Temporary memory loss may occur due to anaesthesia since the brain is in a condition where no new memories are formed. Long-term memory is not often affected, and the memory loss that occurs during anaesthesia only lasts for the duration of the procedure. Memory returns to normal once the effects of anaesthesia wear off after surgery. It’s true that anaesthesia may make you forget what happened during an operation, but it’s still required and safe for most medical procedures.

Do you dream under anesthesia?
Sure! You enter a deep sleep-like state while under anesthesia. When you’re deeply sleeping, you don’t normally experience nightmares. When you go under the surgery, the same thing occurs. It’s a particular state of consciousness in which your brain doesn’t dream. Basically, it’s like putting a halt to your imagination for the night. When you come to from anaesthesia, you won’t have had any dreams, and thus you won’t recall them.

Do you feel pain during and after surgery?
Sure! It’s a mouthful, but analgesia simply means “pain relief.” Doctors take pain management during medical procedures and surgeries very seriously. For this reason, you will also get analgesia throughout your anaesthesia procedure. An analgesic is a medication that dulls or prevents the sensation of pain from reaching the brain. It’s like being surrounded by a mystical barrier that prevents any discomfort from being felt. The physicians will give you the appropriate kind and dose of analgesia to ensure your comfort and pain relief. An anaesthetic will dull your sense of discomfort during & after surgery.

What are the different techniques of pain relief measures used in surgery?
Medical operations may be made more tolerable for patients by using a variety of analgesic approaches. They can choose from a few different possibilities. As a possible solution, analgesics are a kind of pain medication. These drugs may be used orally or injected to dull pain. Nerve blocks are an additional treatment option. Doctors can inject calming medicine near the nerves that send pain signals, so you won’t feel any pain in that area. Epidural is another option for pain relief. A little tube is inserted in the back, via which pain medication is administered. The use of these methods allows medical professionals to keep patients relaxed and pain-free during treatments.

How many times a person can have anaesthesia?
There is no hard and fast rule on how many times an individual may have anaesthesia. Getting medical treatments done under anaesthesia is a tried and true method, with a high rate of success. Your own health requirements and the exact medical treatments you undertake will determine how many times in your lifetime you will need anaesthesia. When you need surgery or another medical treatment, your anesthesiologist will assess your condition and provide the correct anaesthetic. At all times, they will be concerned first and foremost with ensuring your wellbeing and security during the process. Your healthcare staff has to know everything about your medical history, including your fears about anaesthesia.

How long will the effects of Anesthesia last?
Anesthesia’s after-effects may wear off at different rates based on factors including the patient’s reaction to the drug, how long the operation took, and how complicated it was. Local anaesthesia, regional anaesthesia, and general anaesthesia are all forms of anaesthesia that have varying levels of effectiveness and duration.
When just a short-term numbing of the area is required, local anaesthesia is the method of choice. It may be used to numb a localised location, such as a tooth or patch of skin.
Regional anaesthesia, such as epidural or spinal anaesthesia, may render a greater area of the body numb and painless. The duration of a localised anesthetic’s effects varies from drug to drug.
General anaesthesia is used for more extensive surgeries to ensure the patient remains entirely asleep and unaware during the process. The aftereffects of general anaesthesia might linger for a while even after the procedure is over. The time it takes to come out of general anaesthesia varies from person to person, however it usually takes anything from minutes to hours.
It’s worth noting that some individuals may feel groggy, drowsy, or have moderate cognitive affects for a while after the anaesthetic wears off. The time it takes to fully recover from anaesthesia varies from person to person, but is often a few hours to a few days.
The anesthesiologist and surgical team will consider the patient’s unique circumstances and the nature of the treatment itself when deciding how long the effects of the anaesthetic will last. To guarantee the patient’s safety and the best possible outcome, they will keep a careful eye on them and make any necessary adjustments to the anaesthesia dosage.

How does Anesthesia affect the brain?
Anaesthesia is a type of medicine that makes people feel relaxed and pain-free during surgery or other medical treatments. The effects on the brain include a temporary halt in brain-to-body communication and a slowdown of brain activity. This ensures that the patient either sleeps during or else is too calm to recall anything about the surgery. To make sure the patient is safe, however, anesthesiologists constantly check on his or her brain activity and other vital indicators. The anaesthetic wears off and brain activity returns to normal after the surgery. Anaesthesia is a reliable way to put patients at ease during unpleasant medical operations.

Does Anesthesia affect heart?
Anaesthesia may sometimes affect the heart, however this is quite unusual. To reduce and ultimately eliminate dangers, anaesthetic drugs and methods have been created and perfected over many years. Your heart rate and rhythm are among the several indicators of health that the anesthesiologist will monitor intently throughout the operation. It’s crucial that you provide your healthcare providers an accurate account of your medical history, including any cardiac issues you may already be suffering from. This lets them modify the anaesthetic strategy to fit your unique requirements and lessen any hazards. Although transient alterations to the heart may occur under anaesthesia, these risks are often rather minimal and well-managed.

Which type of anaesthesia a patient gets depends on several things, including:
  1. Type of surgery: The type of surgery and how complicated it is play a big part in choosing the right anaesthesia. Some treatments only need local or regional anaesthesia, while others need general anaesthesia.
  2. Patient’s medical condition: The patient’s general health and medical background are very important when deciding if they are a good fit for different types of anaesthesia. The doctor thinks about any health problems, like heart disease, lung disease, or allergens, that may affect the choice of anaesthesia.
  3. Patient’s age: The patient’s age can affect which type of anaesthesia is used. For example, anaesthesia for children & elderly may need to take into account their unique bodily and behavioural needs.
  4. The patient’s choice and comfort are also taken into account when deciding what kind of anaesthesia to use. The anesthesiologist may talk to the patient about their choices and take their worries and tastes into account.
  5. Anatomical site: The type of anaesthesia used may depend on where the surgery will be done. For example, surgeries on the arms or legs may be able to be done with nerve blocks or spinal anaesthesia.
  6. Input from the surgeon: The surgeon doing the treatment may have a taste or specific needs when it comes to the anaesthesia method. For the best choice of anaesthesia for the patient, the anaesthetist and surgeon should work together.
An anesthesiologist considers all of these aspects and creates a unique anaesthetic strategy for each patient based on their specific requirements in order to get the best possible outcome during surgery.

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Author

  • Renny

    Dr Renny , is a well-regarded anesthesiologist with years of experience in a broad variety of surgical specialties. He has built a sterling reputation as an anesthesiologist over more than a decade of service to people of all ages and walks of life. Experience: 1. Consultant, VPS Lakeshore Hospital Kochi 08/2015- Present. 2. Specialist, PVS Memorial Hospital Kochi 07/2013-07/2014. 3. Resident, Sunrise Hospital Kochi 08/2010-07/2013.   Achievements in Anesthesia 100+ liver transplants, 100+ kidney transplants, 1 intestinal transplant, 1 combined kidney-pancreas transplant, 2 hand transplants. 500+ adductor canal blocks, 400+ erector spinae blocks in addition to brachial plexus blocks, lower limb blocks 300+ joint replacements, polytrauma management, spine surgeries including scoliosis correction, brachial plexus surgeries, and head injury. Awake fiber optic intubations, and microlaryngeal surgeries. Knee replacement for alkaptonuria, liver transplant for hyperoxaluria, Wilson’s disease, hepatopulmobary syndrome (SpO270%). Anesthesia to live CME surgeries- Scoliosis by Dr Krishna Kumar, Urology surgeries by Dr George P Abraham, Laparoscopic surgeries by Dr Padmakumar. DNB co-ordinator for Formative Assessment Test 2018, 2020, 2021 DNB guide since 2018.

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